The Necessity of Examination
As regards examination, there has been a heated discussion among the general public in our society. People who believe in its necessity may have some arguments as follows. To begin with, examination helps to tell the better-behaved from the worse-behaved students. What’s more, examination may stimulate the students to work harder. Take Xiao Wang as an example, a student from Hebei Normal University, he used to have poor command of English. However, under the pressure of College English Test Band 4, he made great progress and can now speak fluent English.
By contrast, some people think that examination may give rise to a series of negative effects. They maintain that examination cannot always faithfully reflect one’s study performance. It is believed that too many students may be misled and neglect the improvement of practical ability. Examples of “High marks but poor competence” are often cited on different media.
Just as any coin has two sides; it’s no exception with the issue of examination. Students should develop a right attitude towards it and strike a balance between examination and practical ability achievement.
① As regards…, there has been a heated discussion among the general public in our society. 關于……，公眾對此議論紛紛。(該句型常用于會引起爭議的話題的開頭)
② have poor command of 對…掌握不好
③ may give rise to a series of negative effects 可能會導致一系列的負面影響
④ Just as any coin has two sides, it’s no exception with the issue of… 正如一枚硬幣有兩面一樣，…也不例外。(在討論某事物具有兩面性時，常用的句型)
⑤ strike a balance between…and… 在…和…之間取得平衡
Integrate Chinese Culture into College Education
As a result of globalization and convenient interaction among different nations, a variety of native cultures are being or have been lost. It’s true of Chinese culture as well. We may easily recognize all sorts of English courses in college education curriculum but few of Chinese culture. And these indicate that Chinese traditional culture has been ignored in college education.
As we all know, traditional culture represents the accumulated wisdom of our ancestors down through the ages and is a rich heritage to every Chinese. For college students, successors of modernization construction, mastering of Chinese culture is particularly of significance. Besides, traditional culture education can promote the cultural awareness and patriotism among college students. Therefore, it’s necessary and beneficial to integrate Chinese culture into college education.
To achieve this, colleges and universities should take effective measures to preserve the native culture. Culture awareness should be promoted both through the courses and extracurricular activities. As for college students, we should actively be involved in the culture education.
① accumulated wisdom 智慧結晶
② cultural awareness 文化意識，對文化的認知
③ beneficial 有益處的，有好處的
④ preserve 保護，維護
⑤ be involved in 被卷入，使參與
College life is a brand-new period for the freshmen who have just gone through the “torturing” high school and a fate-changing college entrance examination. Among all the new things, one is the clubs and societies on campus, such as football club, speech club, debate society, astronomy club, movie association, etc. These associations take the chance of every September to recruit new blood.
However, students hold different opinions about on-campus clubs and societies. Some students think that to join in some club is a good opportunity to develop their comprehensive ability, especially when they can be leaders. Some students disagree and believe there exist more disadvantages, since it will take students a lot of time that they should spend on study, and especially when they immerse themselves in more than one club. Still some other students are indifferent to on-campus clubs, or even completely ignore them.
For me, I think it’s foolish to be totally involved into some clubs or to be an outsider completely, and the best way is to make sure about your own interest, make the correct choice, and fight for a balance between club activities and study.
① brand-new, new blood 全新的; 新鮮血液, 新人
② take the chance of 利用這個機會
③ immerse themselves in/be involved into 沉浸于/投身于
④ totally/completely 完全地
Relationship Between Major and Future Job
It’s a striking fact that there isn’t necessary relationship between one’s major and specific job duties for majority of people. Many people condemn this on outdated education system and some even complain that textbooks are useless.
This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons. First of all, it’s a common sense that there always exists a gap between theory and practice. This gap needs to be bridged by continuous exploration of similarities and differences between these two factors and accordingly corresponding modification. Secondly, due to the rapid development of technology, the knowledge from textbooks becomes behind the times soon. And it will lead to the disassociation between what one has acquired in college education and what he does at work.
From my point of view, when faced with the disassociation, one should adapt himself to working environment as soon as possible by adjusting his own information system. What’s more important, life-long learning is essential to one’s career success. Even after one reached the required levels from college education curriculum, pursuit of knowledge should never be ceased. Last but not the least, we should bear this firmly in mind that one’s ability is valued much more than one’s academic degree.
① condemn on 把…歸咎于…
② behind the times 過時的，落伍的
③ adjusting 調整，適應
④ bear this firmly in mind 牢牢記住
Social Practice for College Students
Nowadays, college students are required to take part in some social practice as being assistant in companies, or doing surveys, especially during the holidays. Social practice is gradually becoming more essential for China’s higher education.
However, social practice has both advantages and disadvantages for college students. On the one hand, it provides students more opportunities to contact with the real world off-campus; besides, it helps students to grasp some practical skills, especially communication skills, which is an essential supplement to on-campus study; moreover, social practice can widen students’ vision. On the other hand, the negative effects cannot be neglected: students’ major task is learning knowledge, while curiosity about off-campus world may distract them; sometimes social practice is even treated usuriously and becomes a waste of time; furthermore, the students may be faced with dangers unexpectedly.
Despite the potential negative effects of social practice, I strongly support social practice for college students, since as a whole, the benefits overwhelm the likely harm. Two heads are better than one, if students, schools, and the society join hands together, social practice can be carried out more effectively and better armed students for the society can be expected.
① distract 使分心，使分散注意力
② Despite…, I strongly support 盡管……，我強烈支持……
③ Two heads are better than one 三個臭皮匠，頂個諸葛亮
④ join hands; better armed 聯合;更好地武裝……
Online course, as a new teaching method based on computer and Internet, allows teachers to give classes from a distance away.
However, opinions on it differ from teachers to students. Generally, teachers support it for two reasons. Firstly, online course can be conducted at home or office and this offers great convenience to teachers. Secondly, online course releases teachers from repeating the same contents since the video and audio can be played for many times. On the contrary, many students have opposite standpoints, in the first place, with online course, they lack face to face communications with teachers and their confusion cannot be solved instantly. In addition, the computer system cannot be guaranteed to work stably all the time. What is more, they do not have 100 percent confidence in studying without teachers being around to supervise.
Personally, with college students growing up, if the traditional teaching method and the modern ones like on line course can be combined together, more fruitful education is sure to be realized.
① be based on 基于
② act as a complement to 作為……的補充
③ release…from… 將……從……中解放出來
My view on college students’ quitting school
In recent years, more and more college students quit school ahead of schedule. Except the minority quitting for objective reasons like health problem, most students leave with the pursuit of an ideal career, as well as more fortune and experience.
Several factors may contribute it emergence. In the first place, some students often think that the cost of spending four years on college campus is too high, and the job market is getting fiercer. Therefore, when there is a satisfying job available, it’s worth quitting. In the second place, some hold that the real world is a better school for them to get practical knowledge than traditional school. Last but not least, the publicizing and popularity of some successful businessman like bill gates and steve jobs, who didn’t finish school but ended up with a great fortune and achievement, set examples for the young generation emphasizing individuaility and personality.
However, I don’t think it rational for college students to quit school. Armed with high education and more mature personality, better prepared graduates can fight for their future more easily. In a word, college education pays off.
① ahead of schedule 提前
② with the prusuit of 追求
③ opportunity cost 機會成本
④ ended up with a great fortune and achievement 最終財運亨通，成就非凡
On a second suburban campus of a university
The second campus of university springs up like mushroom in suburban areas in recent years. It is really hard to say when the first second campus came out, or which university was the origin, but this pattern is quickly replicated, and now it’s challenging to find out a university with one campus only.
The causes for this fashion may be obvious. Firstly, the new enrollment policy encourages universities to admit freshmen on a much larger scale than the past. Therefore, the orginal facilities, incluing apartments, classroom, dining hall, all become insufficient. Secondly, the land in urban areas is costly, and universities can hardly afford it.
As a student of a university with a second campus, though enjoying much more space, I have also experienced inconvenience between the two campuses, because of the divided education resources, the less direct communication with other teachers and students, and the time-and money-consuming come-and-go. Therefore, we should think twice before another second campus is set up.
① spring up like mushroom 如春筍般涌現
② on a much larger scale 以更大的規模
③ not only can accommodate the swelling student body, but… 不但可以滿足日益膨脹的學生群體的需求，而且……
④ think twice before… 三思而后行
On the reform of college entrance exam
“College entrance exam” has been carried out for over 30 years. It has once undoubtedly played a very positive role. But with the society developing, its disadvantages gradually manifest and the reform has been on the agenda.
Why the reform becomes so urgent? Firstly, the single and unified exam, with the exam-oriented education deriving from it, has detrimental effects on training innovative talents with comprehensive qualities. Secondly, the current examination has aggravated tough competition among students, resulting in heavy study load and even psychological stress.
Then where is the way out? I think the solution lies in a “diversification scheme”. More diversified examination contents testing not only knowledge, but also abilities and practical skills, more diversified examination modes including written test, interview, experiment, etc, and more diversified admission criteria. In this way, we will bid fare well to the past rule that “a single exam determines all”. However, the reform on college entrance exam is definitely no easy task. It is rather a social problem than an educational one. The successful solution depends on the efforts from all walks of life.
① on the agenda 提上日程
② exam-oriented education 應試教育
③ have detrimental effects 不利于(比do harm to更出彩)
④ aggravate 使惡化，使更嚴重
⑤ we will bid fare well to the past rule… 我們將告別過去的……規則
Should Peking opera be set as part of the compulsory courses?
Recently, the ministry of education launched a new reform, specifying that the Peking Opera be set as part of the compulsory courses at primary and middle school.
The reform has caused an enormous amout of controversy in society. Many people in favor of it agree that it may contribute a lot to the traditional culture. But even more people are against it for they think that it is not quit feasible in teaching practice.
As to this issue, my view is that Peking Opera should step into classroom, not as a compulsory course, but as a optional one. On the one hand, teaching Peking Opera at school could popularize traditional art so that more people will know and love it. On the other hand, however, to some extent, setting a new compulsory course will add to students’ academic burden which has been already heavy enough. Therefore, be setting Peking Opera as a optional course, students may have more freedom to decide whether to take it or not. In a word, promoting and developing traditional culture can not merely depend on “revitalizing Peking Opera”. The key lies in improving the culture awareness of the whole nation substantially.
① launch a new reform 推行一項新的改革
② an enormous amount of controversy 很大的爭議
③ popularize 推廣，使受歡迎
④ revitalize 使……重生
⑤ substantially 充分地