What is the best way to master a skill?
掌握技能最好的方法是什么?

 

獲得94.9k 好評的回答@Shobhit Bakliwal:

Jerry Seinfeld, the famous comedian , gave a surprisingly effective advice on how to master the skill you're most interested in (in his case, being a better comic).
著名喜劇演員杰瑞·宋飛給出了一個極其有效的方法,教你如何掌握一項你最感興趣的技能(對他來說就是做一名喜劇演員)。

He said that in order to be a better comic, he had to create better jokes, and in order to create better jokes, he had to write daily.
他說為了成為一名更優秀的喜劇演員,他要創作出更好的笑話,而為了創作出更好的笑話,他每天都要寫東西。

That's a pretty common advice you'd find anywhere. The thing which stood out was the way he implemented this routine.
這個建議很普通,隨處可見,但其特別之處在于他踐行的方式。

He asks people to get a big calendar and a marker. Each day - after you complete your task of writing - simply cross that date on the calendar. After a few days, you'll have a chain for yourself which you'd not want to break. Your only job will be to not break the chain!
他讓人們準備一個大日歷和一個大標識,每天完成寫作任務后就把日歷上那一天圈上,幾天后你就對自己形成了約束,并樂在其中。你唯一需要做的就是不要打破這一束縛!

Don't break the chain!
千萬不要打破這一束縛!

Want to learn how to play a guitar?
想學彈吉他?

Just play everyday for 1 hour. It doesn't matter how terrible you are in the beginning. If you practice and improve daily, you will definitely be above average in an year.
那就每天彈一小時,一開始談得多差都無所謂,只要每天都練每天都有一點進步,那一年以后一定會達到中上水平。

Want to learn how to dance?
想學跳舞?

Karen X. Cheng learned how to dance in one year by practising everyday!
Karen X. Cheng每天練習,一年就學會了跳舞!

Want to learn website development?
想學網頁開發?

Create a new website every day! Jen Dewalt made 180 Websites in 180 days which helped her learn about web development.
每天都做一個新網頁!Jen Dewalt在180天內做了180個網頁,學會了網頁開發。

I myself have written code everyday for the past 5 years which helped me become a programmer despite not studying Computer Science in college.
過去的5年里我每天都寫代碼,雖然大學時沒學過計算機,但這個習慣幫我成為了一名程序員。

 

獲得1.4k好評的回答@Sunit Jain:

Practice it for 10,000 hours
練習1萬小時

The key denominator is actually hard work. A lot of it, in fact. About 10,000 hours of it. That’s roughly 3 hours every day, for 10 consecutive years, before any one of them began to be defined as the ‘expert’ in their field.
關鍵要素其實是努力付出,真的是需要大量付出,大約需要練習這個技能1萬小時,也就是每天約3小時,持續10年,然后你就能在所學領域開始被稱為“專家”了。

Consider it as a leveling-up abilities:
可以把這個看作是能力升級的過程:

●at 1 hour, you know some basics
●練習1小時以后,你了解一些基礎知識

●at 10 hours, you have a pretty good grasp of the basics
●練習10小時以后,你熟練掌握了這些基礎知識

●at 100 hours, you are fairly expert
●練習100小時以后,你很專業了

●at 1000 hours, you are an experienced expert
●練習1000小時以后,你成了有經驗的專家

●at 10000 hours, you are a master
●練習10000小時以后,你就成大師了

 

(翻譯:菲菲)